B – Quality and peer review of research

Newton PD. Quality and peer review of research: an adjudicating role for editors. Accountability in Research 2010;17(3):130-145
(doi: 10.1080/08989621003791945)

This study describes shortcomings of the peer review process and provides situational, personal, social, and ethical factors influencing reviewers’ and editors’ behaviour. Editors need to know of potential influences on reviewers and also on themselves. Some data is offered which illustrates the problem and suggests potential solutions. Journals with large editorial boards could consider using a small team to nominate and evaluate reviewers, make decisions and communicate with the authors. Reviewing might be improved through the education and training of postgraduate students.