The EASE Form for Authors’ Contributions and Competing Interest Disclosure

The EASE Form for Authors’ Contributions and Competing Interest Disclosure is intended for use by authors submitting to scientific journals, during or soon after manuscript submission.

The form enables groups of authors to clearly state the contributions of each author listed in the paper.

Download the form here

This form is intended for use by scientific journals during or soon after manuscript submission and can be supplemented with the EASE Ethics Checklist for Authors and the Sex and Gender Equity in Research (SAGER) Checklist (to be signed by the corresponding author only).

By signing the form, the authors agree to publication of their paper in the journal and certify that the paper is not considered for publication elsewhere.

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has useful guidance on what constitutes authorship of a paper:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;
  • Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content;
  • Final approval of the version to be published;
  • Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolve

As research can be highly collaborative including teams of researchers with varied contributions to a paper, this form adopts the 14 roles of the Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT) to better recognise the different types of individual contributions, reduce authorship disputes and facilitate collaboration. Details of each category are provided on the final page.

Authors should also declare any competing interests they may have, that may influence details of the paper or interpretation of it. Details of competing interests are provided based on the categories of the ICMJE Disclosure of Interest Statement.

Declaring conflicting interests is intended to enhance transparency, and does not necessarily imply any bias in the work. If you are in doubt as to whether a relationship constitutes a competing interest, it is preferable to declare it.

The corresponding author should complete the tables in this document;

  • Form 1. Provide details of the manuscript under submission;
  • Form 2. Name each contributing author, indicating one or more roles for each by ticking the appropriate checkboxes in each category;
  • Form 3. Provide conflicts of interest statements for any relevant authors.

Examples of competing interests to declare

Details of all support provided during the planning and preparation of the present manuscript (e.g., funding, provision of study materials, medical writing, article processing charges, etc.)

Details of relationships or activity over the past 36 months:

  • Grants or contracts from any entity
  • Royalties or licenses
  • Consulting fees
  • Payment or honoraria for lectures, presentations, speakers bureaus, manuscript writing or educational events
  • Payment for expert testimony
  • Support for attending meetings and/or travel
  • Patents planned, issued or pending
  • Participation on a Data Safety Monitoring Board or Advisory Board
  • Leadership or fiduciary role in other board, society, committee or advocacy group, paid or unpaid
  • Stock or stock options
  • Receipt of equipment, materials, drugs, medical writing, gifts or other services
  • Other financial or non-financial interests

Explanation of Contributor Roles Taxonomy (CRediT)

Role Details of contribution
Conceptualization Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims
Methodology Development or design of methodology; creation of models
Software Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components
Validation Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/ reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs
Formal analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data
Investigation Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection
Resources Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools
Data Curation Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse
Writing – Original Draft Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation)
Writing – Review & Editing Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision, including pre-or post-publication stages
Visualization Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/ data presentation
Supervision Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team
Project administration Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution
Funding acquisition Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication