B- Making the journal abstract more concrete

Hartley J. Making the journal abstract more concrete. Journal of Scholarly Publishing 2011;43(1):110-115
(doi: 10.3138/jsp.43.1.110)

Abstracts in social science journals have been criticized in the past for being imprecise. They need to be more concrete. Readers need to know in which discipline a study has taken place, how many and what kinds of participants have been involved and what methodologies have been used. The author provides three examples of how abstracts could be improved.