Bonetta Laura. 2006 The Aftermath of Scientific Fraud. Cell. 124 (5):873-875
When a retraction is published it appears in PubMed linked to the original paper, thereby alerting scientists to the problem, however, retracted papers continue to be cited in the scientific literature at rates comparable to those for nonretracted papers. Being the coauthor of a paper that is retracted can be very damaging. Scientists who have come face to face with scientific misconduct consider its consequences years later.Cases of possible scientific misconduct involving research funded by the NIH and other agencies within the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) are brought to the attention of the Office of Research Integrity (ORI). Most countries outside the United States do not have an independent institute like ORI dedicated to handling scientific misconduct.