Jaffer U, Cameron AEP. 2006. Deceit and fraud in medical research. International Journal of Surgery 4 (2):122-126

Reported incidences of deceit and fraud in medical literature are alarming.
The problem ranges from gift authorship to wholesale fabrication of data. Among the potential factors which may have promoted fraud and deceit there are financial gain, personal fame and the competitive scientific environment Most cases may be dealt with at an institutional level; the principles of ethical behaviour should be developed in scientists curricula; the role of regulatory organisations such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) is pointed out.