B – Strengthening the reporting of observational studies

Von Elm E, Altman DG, Egger M, Pocock SJ, Gotzsche PC, Vandenbroucke JP
for the STROBE Initiative. Strengthening the reporting of observational
studies in epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting
observational studies.
BMJ 2007;335:806-808

The reporting of observational research in biomedicine is often
inadequate, which hampers the assessment of its strengths and weaknesses
and of a study’s generalisability. The Strengthening the Reporting of
Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Initiative developed
recommendations on what should be included in an accurate and complete
report of an observational study. In September, 2004 methodologists,
researchers, and journal editors helped to draft a checklist of items,
which was revised during several meetings of the coordinating group and in
e-mail discussions with the larger group of STROBE contributors. This
resulted in a checklist of 22 items (the STROBE statement) that relate to
the title, abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion
sections of articles. 18 items are common to all three study designs and
four are specific for cohort, case-control, or cross sectional studies. A
detailed explanation and elaboration document is published separately and
is freely available on the websites of PLoS Medicine, Epidemiology, and
Annals of Internal Medicine.


posted for Margaret Cooter