B – Effects of Spacing and Titles on Judgements of the Effectiveness of Structured Abstracts

Hartley J, Betts L. The Effects of Spacing and Titles on Judgements of the effectiveness of Structured Abstracts. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 2007;58(14):2335-2340
doi: 10.1002/asi.20718

This research, due to the limitation of previous researches assessing the effectiveness of structured abstracs, is aimed at redressing these limitations. It presents three studies for which were prepared four versions of each of four abstracts. Results showed that the layout of the text, along with subheadings, contributed to an higher rating of effectiveness for structured abstracts, suggesting that the spacial organization, and the greater amount of information, are the main reasons why structured abstracts are generally judged to be superior to traditional ones.