B – Peer review process: language and content comments

Mungra P. and Webber P. Peer review process in medical research publications: language and content comments. English for Specific Purposes 2010;29(1):43-53

This study analyzes the peer review comments of articles written by Italian medical and clinical research scientists and submitted to reputable English language journals. It is aimed at establishing the most frequent types of comments to identify the most frequent linguistic problems by Italian researchers. Comments were mainly in the area of scientific and methodological content, followed by lexical and grammatical errors, clarity and verbosity or repetition. The ability to describe procedures and to express concepts clearly is of prime importance to peer reviewers. Results of the study can be helpful in the preparation of courses or materials for training future researchers, and to improve authors’ chances of publishing in high impact-factor journals.