B – Reporting medical research

Simera I, Altman DG. Reporting medical research. The International Journal of Clinical Practice 2013; 67(8):710-716
(doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12168)

This article provides a brief overview of general principles of reporting medical research studies with a particular focus on the following study designs: randomised controlled trials, analytical observational studies, and systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The main reporting guidelines, such as CONSORT, STROBE, PRISMA, and EQUATOR are introduced. They have been developed to help document all necessary methodological aspects and findings in research papers. Although the reporting guideline activity has been largely focused on medical research, the broad principles are applied to the research in many other fields, especially in biological sciences.