B – Redefining misconduct

Fanelli D. Redefine misconduct as distorted reporting. Nature 2013;494:149
(doi: 10.1038/494149a)

Only the most egregious cases of misconduct are discovered and punished. Publication, peer-review and misconduct investigations should focus less on what scientists do, and more on what they communicate, and they should also ensure that it is impossible to lie by omission. A good start would be to redefine misconduct as distorted reporting. In addition, the main task of journal editors and referees would be to ensure that researchers comply reporting guidelines, and if the authors refuse or were unable to comply, their paper should be rejected.