B – Research misconduct

Bornmann L. Research misconduct – definitions, manifestations and extent. Publications 2013;1(3):87-98
(doi: 10.3390/publications1030087)

This article provides an overview of what research misconduct is generally understood to be, its manifestations and the extent to which they are thought to exist. While every spectacular case of fraud discovered and discussed in the public media seriously damages the trust placed in science, it is almost impossible to estimate the extent of the risk posed by more minor transgressions to the progress of scientific knowledge.