B – Conflict of interest disclosure form

Baethge C. The effect of a conflict of interest disclosure form using closed questions on the number of positive conflicts of interest declared – a controlled study. PeerJ 2013;1:e128.

(doi: 10.7717/peerj.128) 
Conflicts of interest (COI) are often not declared completely and accurately. One of several possible reasons for deficient COI declarations is the lack of standardized and comprehensive COI forms. In this study positive COI statements were analyzed at three German medical journals. Results showed that COI forms employing closed questions based on clear definitions of conflicts of interests, such as those recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and now used by Deutsches Ärzteblatt, seem to be superior to less structured forms.