B – Big data and machine learning

Obermeyer Z,  Emanuel EJ. Predicting the future —  big data, machine learning, and clinical medicine. The New England Journal of Medicine 2016;375:1216-19
(doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1606181)

To be useful, data must be analyzed, interpreted, and acted on. Thus, it is algorithms — not data sets — that will prove transformative. Machine learning will become an indispensable tool for clinicians seeking to truly understand their patients. As patients’ conditions and medical technologies become more complex, the role of machine learning will grow, and clinical medicine will be challenged to grow with it. It will dramatically improve the ability of health professionals to establish a prognosis, displace much of the work of radiologists and anatomical pathologists, and improve diagnostic accuracy.