6. Debate

Date and time: Thursday, 24 June 2021
Afternoon session 4.00pm (BST) – for those in western time zones

Debate: Preprints are going to replace journals

This session will debate whether preprints or journals represent the most inclusive, diverse and sustainable means of scholarly communication. The debaters will consider issues included in the SDGs, such as speed of communication, diversity of voices, inclusivity of all geographical regions and researchers, and quality concerns. Recognising that there are widely divergent opinions on this topic, the session will be run twice: once with debaters from Asian countries, and once with debaters presenting European and American perspectives.

This session will be run as a formal debate, with two speakers to each present an opposing view, and a moderator: the audience will be invited to vote for the proposal at the start and again at the end of the session, to see if the debaters can change their mind during the session. This promises to be a lively session!

Chair: Mario Malički, Stanford University METRICS

After finishing School of Medicine at the University of Zagreb, Croatia, I obtained an MA in Literature and Medicine at King’s College, London, UK, and then worked at the University of Split School of Medicine in Departments of Medical Humanities and Research in biomedicine and health, where I obtained my PhD in Medical Ethics titled: Integrity of scientific publications in biomedicine. I have been researching authorship, peer review, duplicate publications, and publication bias. From 2017-2019 I have been a postdoc at AMC and ASUS Amsterdam, Netherlands, and in 2020 I joined METRICS where I will focus on meta-research of preprints. My other interests include medical ethics, hope, statistics, speculative fiction, Frank Herbert’s opus and Leonard Cohen’s poetry.
Twitter: @Mario_Malicki

Proposer: Janne Seppanen, Managing Director, Peerage of Science

Janne is the founder and managing director of Peerage of Science, an independent peer review service. He is also Team Lead in research support at the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. 

Beyond peer review, Janne is interested in researcher assessment and societal decision-making; both need better information. Prior to these endeavours to reconfigure and improve what counts as information among academics and powers-that-be, Janne was doing field experiments to understand what counts as information between different species of birds. Birds were easier. That explains how he got a PhD, in Ecology. 
Twitter: @Janne Seppanen

Catherine Otto, University of Washington Medical Center

Catherine M. Otto is an echocardiography specialist, director of Training Programs in Cardiovascular Disease at Cardiology Division, University of Washington Medical Center, who has authored echocardiography textbooks. The major fields she works in are valvular heart disease, adult congenital heart disease, and echocardiography. She obtained a B.A. from Reed College in 1975, an M.D. from the University of Washington in 1979, and did her residency at The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center from 1979 to 1982 in internal medicine) and a fellowship in cardiology at the University of Washington from 1982 till 1985.

Otto is an expert on calcific (aortic stenosis) and received the 2011 American College of Cardiology Distinguished Scientist Award (Clinical Domain) for her research on this subject. In addition, Otto is the author of several cardiology books. In January, 2014, she was appointed editor-in-chief of Heart, the official journal of the British Cardiovascular Society.
Twitter: @ottoecho

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